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SECURITY GUARD FUNCTIONS FUNCTIONS AND TECHNIQUES The three basic functions of security Guards are to: Detect, Deter and Report. Detection A primary function of a security Guard is to detect occurrences and circumstances which do or could affect the security of the people and premises the Guard has been hired to protect—looking for problems.

* Knowing what to look for

* Common sense and special situations

* Alertness

* Good observation skills

* Curiosity

* Visibility: Uniforms, Patrol (Scheduled and Unscheduled)

Deterrence Effective deterrence means preventing security problems from developing in the first place. All of the attributes of detection contribute to deterrence.

1. Observation

2. Knowing what to look for

3. Curiosity

4. Visibility

5. Unpredictable patrol

\6. Special programs

7. Crime prevention

8. Safety

9. Escort services

Reporting Typically, security Guards are expected to report all unusual incidents. This provides the information necessary to identify and assess risks, and protect people and property from harm, theft, and related threats.

Written reports must be clear, concise, legible, prompt and complete Using force (against people) is not a central feature of most security Guard roles. Use of force by security Guards is legally limited, creates significant liability risks, and is almost always “situationally focused” (employed only in very specialized or unusual situations).


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